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Best Dog Breeds for Newbies: A Guide for Beginners

Updated: Oct 11, 2022

When you think of dogs, you might picture a small, fluffy animal with big eyes. But that is far from all there is to dog breeds. Dogs come in many sizes and shapes and their appearance varies greatly depending on their breed. Dog breeds are classified based on their appearance, behavior, or origin. Each dog has a unique DNA which determines its physical characteristics. There are over 300 recognized dog breeds in the world today but this list includes some of the most well-known ones. In this article, we explore some of the most common dog breeds by type and give you a general idea of what to expect if you adopt one as a pet. Keep reading to learn more about different types of dog breeds!

Guide to Dog Breeds

When people first start to consider getting a dog, they often have a very specific type of dog in mind. It’s important to think about what type of dog is best suited to your lifestyle and family before you adopt one. Remember, not all dog breeds are created equally. Whether you are looking for a best friend to snuggle with or want a furry protector, there is a dog breed out there for you. There's more to dogs than just breeds, though. Knowing a bit more about dogs on a genetic level can help you make an informed decision when choosing a dog. Dog breeds can be categorized in many ways, including by shape, size, coat type, color, and temperament. Not all dogs will fit neatly into one category, but the following list includes some of the most common types.

Toy dogs

Toy breeds are the opposite of big dogs in every sense. They are small, friendly, and very easy to take care of. These dogs are bred to be lap dogs and social companions and make excellent pets for kids and elderly people alike. They are often very intelligent, but they are also known to be very excitable and can be difficult to train. Toys are lap dogs by nature, and due to their small size and fragile nature, they may be better suited to living indoors. Some of the most common toy breeds include the Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese, Pomeranian, Pekingese, Shih Tzu, Pug, and Chihuahua.

Small dogs

Small dogs come in both toy and non-toy varieties. Smaller dogs are great for people who have limited space. They are also a great choice for families with small children, as many small breeds are very patient with children and friendly to all people. Some small breeds are high-energy and others are more laid back, so it’s important to choose a breed that suits you and your family. Some of the most common small dog breeds are the Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese, Poodle, Shiba Inu, Pomeranian, Chihuahua, Miniature Pinscher, Chinese Crested, and Miniature Schnauzer.

Medium-sized dogs

For many people, a medium-sized dog is the perfect choice. They are big enough to be friendly and protective but still don’t require as much space or maintenance as larger breeds. They are also a great choice if you have children, as they are less likely to be injured by a larger dog. Some of the most common medium-sized breeds are the Labrador Retriever, German Shepherd, Beagle, Border Collie and Pug.

Large dogs

If you’re looking for a pet who can protect the house and be a friend for life, a large dog might be the perfect choice for you. Some large breeds are very protective, while others are more laid back. Large dogs are often better suited to living outside, as they can be destructive if they are allowed to be inside a house. Some of the most common large dog breeds are the Labrador Retriever, German Shepherd, Newfoundland, Great Dane, St. Bernard, Chow Chow, Great Pyrenees, Boxer, and American Staffordshire Terrier.

Working Dogs

Working breeds are bred to be workers, so they don’t make great pets for everyone. They need a lot of activity, so if you’re not an active person, a working dog might not be the best choice for you. Working dogs usually need a lot of space to run, so they aren’t a great choice for city dwellers. Some of the most common working dog breeds are the German Shepherd, Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever, English Springer Spaniel, Australian Shepherd, Border Collie, and Dalmatian.


When you’re thinking about what type of dog to get, it’s important to think about your lifestyle and living situation. If you’re living in an apartment, you might want to get a smaller dog, while someone with a large yard might want to consider a larger breed. It’s also important to think about what type of personality traits you want in a dog. There are hundreds of breeds of dogs out there, and each one is unique in its own way. Start thinking about what you want in a dog, and you’ll be well on your way to picking the perfect breed for you!

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